who inspired giorgio de chirico
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One of the key modern artists, the influential Italian painter Giorgio de Chirico co-founded the school of Metaphysical Painting (“la scuola metafisica“) along with Carlo Carra, just after the First World War, and his haunting paintings of deserted Italianate squares had a huge impact on modern art in the 1920s, notably Surrealism – whose leading theorist Andre Breton acknowledged De Chirico’s position as the movement’s essential pioneer – as well as Magic Realism. Although his later works failed to recapture the unsettling originality of his early paintings, De Chirico’s reputation as an important influence on Surrealist artists, as well as on modern art of the 20th-century remains undeniable. Famous paintings by De Chirico include: The Uncertainty of the Poet (1913, Tate Collection, London), The Red Tower (1913, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice), The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street (1914, Private Collection), Song of Love (1914, MOMA, New York), Metaphysical Interior with Large Factory (1916, Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart) and The Disquieting Muses (1917, Gianni Mattioli Collection, Milan).
After studying art in Athens and Florence, de Chirico moved to Germany in 1906 and entered the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. His early style was influenced by Arnold Böcklin’s and Max Klinger’s paintings, which juxtapose the fantastic with the commonplace. By 1910 de Chirico was living in Florence, where he began painting a unique series of landscapes that included The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon (1910), in which the long, sinister, and illogical shadows cast by unseen objects onto empty city spaces contrast starkly with bright, clear light that is rendered in brooding green tonalities. Moving to Paris in 1911, de Chirico gained the admiration of Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire with his ambiguously ominous scenes of deserted piazzas. In these works, such as The Soothsayer’s Recompense (1913) and The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street (1914), classical statues, dark arcades, and small, isolated figures are overpowered by their own shadows and by severe, oppressive architecture.
Giorgio de Chirico, (born July 10, 1888, Vólos, Greece—died Nov. 19, 1978, Rome, Italy), Italian painter who, with Carlo Carrà and Giorgio Morandi, founded the style of Metaphysical painting.
In this, he resembles his more representational American contemporary, Edward Hopper: their pictures’ low sunlight, their deep and often irrational shadows, their empty walkways and portentous silences creating an enigmatic visual poetry. 
In 1939, he adopted a neo-Baroque style influenced by Rubens.  De Chirico’s later paintings never received the same critical praise as did those from his metaphysical period. He resented this, as he thought his later work was better and more mature. He nevertheless produced backdated “self-forgeries” both to profit from his earlier success, and as an act of revenge—retribution for the critical preference for his early work.  He also denounced many paintings attributed to him in public and private collections as forgeries.  In 1945, he published his memoirs. 
In 1917, a nervous condition forced him into an Italian hospital, where he continued to work, producing pictures mainly featuring cluttered interiors in the Metaphysical style. In the hospital he met Carlo CarrГ , and through their exchanges Metaphysical art, or pittura metafisica, was born. In early 1919, de Chirico had his first solo show at the Galleria Bragaglia in Rome.
De Chirico and his mother moved to Paris to join his brother in July 1911, passing through Turin along the way. He had been interested in the city as it was the place where Nietzsche had displayed his first signs of madness in 1889. The architecture of the piazzas and archways made a considerable impact on him, and locations in the city can be spotted throughout his paintings from this period.
Introduction Giorgio de Chirico ( KIRR-ik-oh, Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer born in Greece. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Nietzsche and for the mythology of his birthplace. After 1919, he became a critic of modern art, studied traditional painting techniques, and worked in a neoclassical or neo-Baroque style, while frequently revisiting the metaphysical themes of his earlier work. Wikidata Q156622
Guillaume Apollinaire, “La Vie artistique: G. de Chirico – Pierre Brune,” L’Intransigeant (October 9, 1913): 3.