who did giorgio de chirico influence
Reputation and Legacy
Born in Vola, Greece, to a Sicilian father and Genovese mother, he began studying art in Athens in 1900. In 1906 his parents moved to Munich, where de Chirico enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts and came under the influence of 19th-century German philosophers, such as Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, as well as works of 19th century German art by the symbolist painter Arnold Bocklin (1827-1901) and nightmarish etchings by Max Klinger (1857-1920). This encouraged him to reject naturalism and to concentrate instead on poetic, imaginary, and visionary subjects. In 1909, the family moved to Milan where de Chirico produced several examples of mythological painting closely based on work by Bocklin.
De Chirico’s best-known works are the paintings of his metaphysical period. In them he developed a repertoire of motifs—empty arcades, towers, elongated shadows, mannequins, and trains among others—that he arranged to create “images of forlornness and emptiness” that paradoxically also convey a feeling of “power and freedom”.  According to Sanford Schwartz, de Chirico—whose father was a railroad engineer—painted images that suggest “the way you take in buildings and vistas from the perspective of a train window. His towers, walls, and plazas seem to flash by, and you are made to feel the power that comes from seeing things that way: you feel you know them more intimately than the people do who live with them day by day.” 
Beginning in 1900, de Chirico studied drawing and painting at Athens Polytechnic—mainly under the guidance of the Greek painters Georgios Roilos and Georgios Jakobides. After Evaristo de Chirico’s death in 1905, the family relocated in 1906 to Germany, after first visiting Florence.  De Chirico entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, where he studied under Gabriel von Hackl and Carl von Marr and read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weininger. There, he also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger.   The style of his earliest paintings, such as The Dying Centaur (1909), shows the influence of Böcklin. 
After studying art in Athens and Florence, de Chirico moved to Germany in 1906 and entered the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. His early style was influenced by Arnold Böcklin’s and Max Klinger’s paintings, which juxtapose the fantastic with the commonplace. By 1910 de Chirico was living in Florence, where he began painting a unique series of landscapes that included The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon (1910), in which the long, sinister, and illogical shadows cast by unseen objects onto empty city spaces contrast starkly with bright, clear light that is rendered in brooding green tonalities. Moving to Paris in 1911, de Chirico gained the admiration of Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire with his ambiguously ominous scenes of deserted piazzas. In these works, such as The Soothsayer’s Recompense (1913) and The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street (1914), classical statues, dark arcades, and small, isolated figures are overpowered by their own shadows and by severe, oppressive architecture.
Giorgio de Chirico, (born July 10, 1888, Vólos, Greece—died Nov. 19, 1978, Rome, Italy), Italian painter who, with Carlo Carrà and Giorgio Morandi, founded the style of Metaphysical painting.
i love the idea of self-forgeries! and the idea of a movement that can officially invite people to join it. these guys were so wonderfully weird. and “disquieting” is a fantastic name for this stuff.
Thanks for the information about the foundation and the correction about De Chirico’s nationality. I’ve added an addendum to the post.
The First World War broke out and the two brothers returned to Italy. Giorgio was assigned to the hospital in Ferrara where he had a sedentary job since he was considered unfit to work. He continued to maintain close ties with the Parisian milieu and came into contact with the Dada movement. In 1916 he painted his famous “Hector and Andromache (Ettore e Andromaca)” and “The Disturbing Muses (Le Muse inquietanti)” and frequented Ferrara’s artistic milieu: he met Filippo De Pisis and began corresponding with Carrà, whom he was to meet during a stay in military hospital. Carrà was fascinated by De Chirico’s poetic world and artistic themes and painted a series of works with clear metaphysical foundations. “Metaphysical painting” was born, theorized a little later in the magazine “Valori Plastici”.
Giorgio De Chirico was born on 10th July 1888 in Volos, the capital of Thessaly (Greece). His father Evaristo was an engineer and his mother, Gemma Cervetto, a noblewoman of Genoese origin. Two years later in Athens, his brother Andrea was born. Andrea adopted the pseudonym of Alberto Savinio in his work as a writer and musician.