which of these famous structures did michelangelo paint?
In his drive to be known as a great sculptor, Michelangelo often declared that he was neither a painter nor an architect. In fact, he was both.
Michelangelo’s forays into architecture, namely the tomb of Julius II, the façade for San Lorenzo, and the Medici Chapel, had each entailed disappointment for Michelangelo. Project after project fell victim to interruption and change, and none was finished according to his original plans. Despite this failure to bring his grand architectural visions to completion, he never lost his passion for invention and design. At the age of sixty-five, he had yet to embark on two of the most important architectural commissions of his brilliant career.
Mention Michelangelo and one work that instantly comes to mind is the artist’s stunning fresco painted on the ceiling of the Vatican City’s Sistine Chapel. Commissioned by Pope Julius II and created between 1508 and 1512, the work – which depicts nine stories from the Book of Genesis – is considered one of the greatest works of the High Renaissance. Michelangelo himself was apparently reluctant to take on the project, as he saw himself as a more accomplished sculptor than painter, but the work nevertheless continues to enthrall today with around five million people flocking to the Sistine Chapel every year to see his masterpiece.
Quite possibly the world’s most famous sculpture, Michelangelo’s David was sculpted over the course of three years, beginning when the artist was just 26 years old. Unlike many earlier depictions of the biblical hero which portray David triumphant after his battle with Goliath, Michelangelo was the first artist to show him in a tense, alert position prior to his legendary fight. Originally positioned at Florence’s Piazza della Signoria in 1504, the 14-foot sculpture was moved to Galleria dell’Accademia in 1873 where it remains today, displayed under a skylight specially designed for the work by 19th-century Italian architect Emilio de Fabris.
In his youth, Michelangelo had taunted a fellow student, and received a blow on the nose that disfigured him for life. Over the years, he suffered increasing infirmities from the rigors of his work; in one of his poems, he documented the tremendous physical strain that he endured by painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Despite this, scholars dispute whether this was a platonic or a homosexual relationship.
In 1520 the Medici came back to Michelangelo with another grand proposal, this time for a family funerary chapel in the Basilica of San Lorenzo.  For posterity, this project, occupying the artist for much of the 1520s and 1530s, was more fully realised. Michelangelo used his own discretion to create the composition of the Medici Chapel, which houses the large tombs of two of the younger members of the Medici family, Giuliano, Duke of Nemours, and Lorenzo, his nephew. It also serves to commemorate their more famous predecessors, Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano, who are buried nearby. The tombs display statues of the two Medici and allegorical figures representing Night and Day, and Dusk and Dawn. The chapel also contains Michelangelo’s Medici Madonna.  In 1976 a concealed corridor was discovered with drawings on the walls that related to the chapel itself.  
Also during this period, Michelangelo was commissioned by Angelo Doni to paint a “Holy Family” as a present for his wife, Maddalena Strozzi. It is known as the Doni Tondo and hangs in the Uffizi Gallery in its original magnificent frame, which Michelangelo may have designed.   He also may have painted the Madonna and Child with John the Baptist, known as the Manchester Madonna and now in the National Gallery, London. 
This sculpture’s importance was ignored for centuries, including its disappearance from public discourse until it was found in the possession of Marchese Rondanini in 1807. It has since excited many modern artists. The Italian artist Massimo Lippi is quoted as saying that modern and contemporary art began with this PietГ , and the South African painter, Marlene Dumas, based her Homage to Michelangelo (2012) on this work.
The PietГ became famous immediately following its completion and was pivotal in contributing to Michelangelo’s fame. Despite an attack in 1972, which damaged Mary’s arm and face, it was restored and continues to inspire awe in visitors to this day.