when was george braque born
Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil on May 13, 1882. The family moves to Le Havre in 1890 where the young boy has his first encounters with paint and brushes in his father’s painting business. He attends lectures at the Le Havre Art Academy as of 1899, a short time later he starts to work for a decoration painter. Georges Braque goes to Paris in 1900, and continues his apprenticeship as a decoration painter, he attends drawing classes at the school of Batignolles, followed by studying at the Acadйmie Humbert.
Georges Braque sees works of the “Fauves” in the Salon d’Automne in 1905, which impress him so much that he takes on their bright colours in his works. He spends the fall of 1906 painting in L’Estaque, in the footsteps of Paul Cйzanne, whose paintings he also admires. Together with the “Fauves”, he exhibits in the Salon des Indйpendants in 1907. He spends the summer and the fall of this year in L’Estaque again. It is also in 1907 that he meets Pablo Picasso, encountering his painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”. A close friendship between Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso begins, in their artistic co-operation and especially by closely examining the art of Paul Cйzanne, they develop the Cubist style of painting. They exhibit in the gallery of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler in Paris in 1908.
Braque‘s and Picasso‘s close co-operation lasts until 1914, some works from this period of “analytic Cubism” (1909-1912) are hard to clearly ascribe to one or the other artist, their painting becomes more and more abstract. Georges Braque adds letters to his pictures, drawn labels or Trompe-l’oeil effects, a technique that is then also taken on by Picasso. The period of “synthetic Cubism” follows as of 1912, a period during which Braque makes paper collages, the “Papiers collйs”, which are again taken on and developed by Picasso. They integrate other materials such as paper, wood, or sand into their paintings.
Georges Braque serves in World War I, he suffers a severe head injury followed by a long period of convalescence. He only picks up painting again as of 1917, making works that he will only present in public as of 1923. He becomes detached from Cubism, his works undergoing permanent changes over the following time.
Besides paintings, Braque also creates an extensive graphic oeuvre as of 1912, making etchings, also in colors, lithographs and woodcuts. As of 1939 he begins to deal intensively with sculpting and pottery. He makes the “Stuio pictures” as of 1949.
Georges Braque dies in Paris on August 31, 1963.
Argenteuil 1882 –
Braque‘s paintings of 19081913 began to reflect his new interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective. He conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects, appearing to question the most standard of artistic conventions. In his village scenes, for example, Braque frequently reduced an architectural structure to a geometric form approximating a cube, yet rendered its shading so that it looked both flat and three-dimensional by fragmenting the image. He showed this in the oil painting “House at L’estaque”. In this way, Braque called attention to the very nature of visual illusion and artistic representation.
In May 1907, he successfully exhibited works in the Fauve style in the Salon des Indépendants. The same year, Braque‘s style began a slow evolution as he came under the strong influence of Paul Cézanne, who died in 1906, and whose works were exhibited in Paris for the first time in a large-scale, museum-like retrospective in September 1907. The 1907 Cézanne retrospective at the Salon d’Automne greatly impacted the direction that the avant-garde in Paris took, leading to the advent of Cubism.
It was late 1916 that Braque resumed painting. He worked alone and moderated the harsh abstraction of cubism. He developed his own personal style by using textured surfaces and brilliant colors.
One of the most esteemed artists is French artist Georges Braque. Many art enthusiasts admire Braque for his beautiful paintings. He has over 30 famous pieces, but he is best known for his still life works. He started his career painting landscapes before he discovered his love for painting still life. Some of his best art pieces are still life.
Braque died on 31 August 1963 in Paris. He is buried in the cemetery of the Church of St. Valery in Varengeville-sur-Mer, Normandy whose windows he designed. Braque‘s work is in most major museums throughout the world.
The term ‘Cubism’, first pronounced in 1911 with reference to artists exhibiting at the Salon des Indépendants, quickly gained wide use but Picasso and Braque did not adopt it initially. Art historian Ernst Gombrich described Cubism as “the most radical attempt to stamp out ambiguity and to enforce one reading of the picture—that of a man-made construction, a colored canvas.”  The Cubist style spread quickly throughout Paris and then Europe.
The advent of World War II influenced Braque to paint more somber scenes. After the war, he painted lighter subjects of birds, landscapes and the sea. Braque also created lithographs, sculptures and stained-glass windows.
Braque‘s style changed after World War I, when his art became less structured and planned. A successful exhibition in 1922 at the Salon d’Automne in Paris garnered him much acclaim. A few years later, renowned dancer and choreographer Sergei Diaghilev asked Braque to design decor for two of his ballets at the Ballets Russes. The end of the 1920s saw another style change as Braque began painting more realistic interpretations of nature, though he never strayed far from Cubism, as there were always aspects of it in his works.