when did roy lichtenstein start painting pop art
Comic Strip Images
Returning to Ohio after the war, he was strongly influenced by one of his art tutors, Hoyt L. Sherman. (Years later Lichtenstein was to endow a new studio at OSU which he named the Hoyt L. Sherman Studio Art Center). On graduation, he was offered a post as an art instructor at the University, a position he held on and off for the next decade. In 1951, he had his first one-man show at a gallery in New York, after which he moved to Cleveland for six years, doing odd jobs in between spells of painting. His style of oil painting during these early years was close to Cubism, however on his return to New York in 1957 – where he resumed teaching at the New York State College of Education at Oswego – he turned to Abstract Expressionism, producing works which impressed no one.
Although best known as a painter, he made different types of art including sculpture, murals, prints and ceramics.
Lichtenstein is famous for his use of cartoon strips from American comic books, which were very popular the 1950s. He admired the skill of the comic book artist, who could create complex stories of love and war in cartoon form.
Roy Lichtenstein, (born October 27, 1923, New York, New York, U.S.—died September 29, 1997, New York City), American painter who was a founder and foremost practitioner of Pop art, a movement that countered the techniques and concepts of Abstract Expressionism with images and techniques taken from popular culture.
Lichtenstein’s first one-man show, held in New York City in 1962, was a great commercial success, and his innovative work found an international audience. In 1966 he became the first American to exhibit at London’s Tate Gallery.
Lichtenstein died of pneumonia on September 29, 1997 after several weeks of hospitalization.
Much like Andy Warhol, Lichtenstein’s work generated questions about the nature and interpretation of art. While some celebrated the audacity of his work, Lichtenstein was heavily criticized by those who argued that his pieces were empty copies of something that already existed. Life magazine ran an article in 1964 titled, “Is He the Worst Artist in the U.S.?” The relative lack of emotional engagement in his work was seen as a slap in the face to the soul-baring approach of abstract expressionism.
Lichtenstein married twice. He and his first wife, Isabel, whom he married in 1949 and divorced in 1967, had two sons, David and Mitchell. He married Dorothy Herzka in 1968.
Lichtenstein became known for his deadpan humor and his slyly subversive way of building a signature body of work from mass-reproduced images. By the mid-1960s, he was nationally known and recognized as a leader in the Pop Art movement that also included Andy Warhol, James Rosenquist and Claes Oldenburg. His art became increasingly popular with both collectors and influential art dealers like Leo Castelli, who showed Lichtenstein’s work at his gallery for 30 years. Like much Pop Art, it provoked debate over ideas of originality, consumerism and the fine line between fine art and entertainment.