when did pablo picasso die
In 1900, Picasso first went to Paris, the center of the European art scene. He shared lodgings with Max Jacob, a poet and journalist who took the artist under his wing. The two lived in abject poverty, sometimes reduced to burning the artist’s paintings to stay warm.
Picasso attended the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, where his father taught, at 13 years of age. In 1897, Picasso began his studies at Madrid’s Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, which was Spain’s top art academy at the time. Picasso attended only briefly, preferring to roam the art exhibits at the Prado, studying works by El Greco, Francisco Goya, Diego Veláquez and Zurbáran.
For nearly 80 of his 91 years, Picasso devoted himself to an artistic production that contributed significantly to the whole development of modern art in the 20th century, notably through the invention of Cubism (with the artist Georges Braque) about 1907. Building on the work of 19th-century art movements, Cubism radically changed the course of representation by acknowledging the illusionistic tricks required to depict three-dimensional objects on a flat canvas. In rejecting the naturalism that Western artists had favoured since the Renaissance, Cubism consequently changed the ways in which people think about the role of art. It ushered in the abstract movements of the 20th century and continues to influence the art of the 21st. Picasso never kept within stylistic boundaries, and he continued to experiment with different approaches and media into the last decade of his life.
Picasso is thought to have made about 50,000 artworks during his lifetime, including paintings, drawings, prints, sculpture, and ceramics. From his extensive production there are many celebrated pieces. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) was one of the first Cubist works, and, by rejecting illusionism, which art practice had favoured since the Renaissance, it changed the ways in which people considered the role of art and representation. Guernica (1937), Picasso’s response to the German bombing of Guernica, a city in Spain’s Basque region, was met with mixed criticism when it was first exhibited at the world’s fair in 1937, but it grew in popularity as it toured the world in subsequent decades. A few other famous pieces include a portrait of Gertrude Stein (1905–06), Picasso’s friend and patron; The Old Guitarist (1903–04), a piece from his Blue Period (1901–04); and an untitled sculpture, popularly known as “The Picasso” (1967), located in Chicago, a city which Picasso never visited.
Cubism / ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/Getty Images
Pablo Picasso, born Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso, started his life in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881. His father was a respected painter, specializing in naturalistic representations of birds and other wildlife, as well as a curator. When Picasso began to exhibit real artistic skill before he started school, his family took it in stride. His father began training him in figure drawing and oil painting when he was seven years old, and as Picasso‘s skill grew, his ability and willingness to focus on regular school work waned. Over the next six years, his abilities would continue to grow, and it became evident that he was outdistancing his father’s artistic ability in leaps and bounds. Picasso’s younger sister passed away in 1895, and the family moved to Barcelona. He was devastated by his sister’s death and the move proved to be a good one for him. In Barcelona, his father worked for the School of Fine Arts, and convinced school officials to allow his thirteen year old son to complete the entrance exam for inclusion in upper level art classes. Picasso blew everyone away, completing the month-long exam in a week, and wowing the judging committee with his talent.
Picasso never actually divorced Paulo’s mother, who died in 1965, reportedly because they had been married under a community property arrangement that would have obliged him to share his fortune with her. One factor that has contributed to the complexities of settling the late artist’s affairs, according to Claude Picasso, is that Paulo never received from Picasso the inheritance promised to his mother.
A resident of Paris, Paulo spent a good deal of time in the south of France, at Antibes and Golfe‐Juan. Married in 1950 to Emilyenne Lotte May, he was the father of two children, Pablo and Marina. On the couple’s divorce three years later, custody of the children was awarded to the wife, although in 1957 Pablo Picasso. the children’s grandfather, sued unsuccessfully himself for their custody, on the ground that their environment was “degrading to their health and morality.”
NEVER IN MY LIVE HAVE I FELT THIS STUPID
But others used it as an opportunity to share historical facts that they went far too long without knowing, reminding us all that even if we knew Picasso died in the fairly recent past, there are definitely other things out there we are still totally unaware of.