when did juan miro died
Four years before his death, Joan was named Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Barcelona. During the last couple years of his life, he suffered from heart disease, and he died on December 25, 1983 in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. He was 90.
He traveled to Paris and met Picasso in 1920. Miró considered it an honor to meet one of his favorite painters, but post-meeting, Joan’s work became surrealist; as if Picasso helped make up his style and mind. He held his own solo exhibit in Paris in 1921 at the La Licorne Gallery. Ernest Hemmingway bought one of his paintings, The Farm, which was a fauvist like piece. One of his most recognized works was painted a few years following this. Harlequin’s Carnival, 1925, is really spastic, and confusing. It has a bunch of toys and imaginary things all over the canvas, making it look like a kid’s mind. This piece represents what his mature work would resemble.
Born in: Barcelona
father: Miquel Miró Adzerias
After a trip in 1928 to the Netherlands, where he studied the 17th-century Dutch realist painters in the museums, Miró executed a series of works based on Old Master paintings titled Dutch Interiors (1928). In the 1930s Miró became more experimental, working with techniques of collage and sculptural assemblage and creating sets and costumes for ballets. He designed tapestries in 1934, which led to his interest in the monumental and in murals. His paintings began to be exhibited regularly in French and American galleries.
According to his parents’ wishes, Joan Miró attended a commercial college. After two years as a clerk, he had a mental and physical breakdown but recovered at his parents’ country estate. In 1912 he was allowed to attend an art school in Barcelona.
Born into a family of a goldsmith and a watchmaker, Miró grew up in the Barri Gòtic neighborhood of Barcelona.  The Miró surname indicates Jewish roots (the terms marrano or converso describe Iberian Jews who converted to Christianity).   His father was Miquel Miró Adzerias and his mother was Dolors Ferrà.  He began drawing classes at the age of seven at a private school at Carrer del Regomir 13, a medieval mansion. To the dismay of his father, he enrolled at the fine art academy at La Llotja in 1907. He studied at the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc  and he had his first solo show in 1918 at the Galeries Dalmau,  where his work was ridiculed and defaced.  Inspired by Fauve and Cubist exhibitions in Barcelona and abroad, Miró was drawn towards the arts community that was gathering in Montparnasse and in 1920 moved to Paris, but continued to spend his summers in Catalonia.    
Miró did not completely abandon subject matter, though. Despite the Surrealist automatic techniques that he employed extensively in the 1920s, sketches show that his work was often the result of a methodical process. Miró’s work rarely dipped into non-objectivity, maintaining a symbolic, schematic language. This was perhaps most prominent in the repeated Head of a Catalan Peasant series of 1924 to 1925. In 1926, he collaborated with Max Ernst on designs for ballet impresario Sergei Diaghilev. With Miró’s help, Ernst pioneered the technique of grattage, in which one trowels pigment onto a canvas then scrapes it away.  [ citation needed ]
In the 1950s, MirГі again began dividing his time between Spain and France. A large exhibition of his works was held at the Gallerie Maeght in Paris and subsequently at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York in 1953. However, from 1954-58 he worked almost exclusively on printmaking and ceramics, including two ceramic wall murals for the UNESCO building in Paris. In 1959, he, along with Salvador DalГ, Enrique Tabara, and Eugenio Granell participated in Homage to Surrealism, an exhibition in Spain organized by AndrГ© Breton. The 1960s were a prolific and adventurous time for MirГі as he painted the large abstract triptych Bleu (1961) and worked intensely in sculpture, in some instances revisiting and reinterpreting some of his older works. While he never altered the essence of his style, his later work is recognized as more mature, distilled, and refined in terms of form.
In 1907 when he was fourteen, MirГі began studying landscape and decorative art at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts (the Llotja) in Barcelona. At the same time, at the behest of his parents who wanted him to pursue a more practical career, he attended the School of Commerce. He began working as a clerk, and because of the constant demands of his studies, he experienced what has been characterized as a nervous breakdown, followed by a severe case of typhoid fever. His family bought Montroig, a farm in the countryside outside of Barcelona, as a place where MirГі could recover, and as he convalesced, he devoted himself fully to making art and abandoned his commercial pursuits.