what is the tallest mountain in europe located between the black sea and the caspian sea
It takes most climbers less than a week to summit, which is short compared to the other Seven Summits.
“Mingi-Tau” is the name given Elbrus by the Balkars, the Turkic people of the Caucasus region. This translates to “resembling a thousand mountains,” as a homage to the mountain’s size.
The entire region is regularly subjected to strong earthquakes from this activity.  While the Greater Caucasus Mountains have a mainly folded sedimentary structure, the Lesser Caucasus Mountains are largely of volcanic origin. 
The climate of the Caucasus varies both vertically (according to elevation) and horizontally (by latitude and location). Temperature generally decreases as elevation rises. Average annual temperature in Sukhumi, Abkhazia at sea level is 15 °C (59 °F) while on the slopes of Mt.Kazbek at an elevation of 3,700 metres (12,100 ft), average annual temperature falls to−6.1 °C (21.0 °F). The northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are 3 °C (5.4 °F) colder than the southern slopes. The highlands of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are marked by sharp temperature contrasts between the summer and winter months due to a more continental climate.
It’s prominence – which is the elevation between the peak and the lowest contour that completely encircles – is interesting too. Prominence is a measure of how distinct a mountain is from nearby peaks, so a peak with a high prominence tend to be the highest points around and they generally have amazing views. Mount Elbrus’ prominence is 15,554 feet (4741 metres) so it really stands out and it’s true, the views from the top are amazing! It’s actually the 10 th most prominent mountain in the world.
However the definition of the seven summits depends on the definition of a continent and where it’s borders lie. For the mountaineering challenge to climb the Seven Summits there are two areas of dispute! One is whether the highest in Europe is Mount Elbrus or Mont Blanc according to the European continental plate; the second is whether Australia counts as a continent or whether all of Oceania should be used, in which case Puncak Jaya (Carstenz Pyramid) beats Mount Kosciusko.
South of the Greater Caucasus, on the Black Sea coast, lies the alluvial Kolkhida Lowland, site of ancient Colchis. South of the range on the Caspian side, the Shirak Steppe, between the Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges, falls sharply into the Kura-Aras (Kura-Araks) Lowland. At the centre of this extensive depression the Kura River receives its major right-bank tributary, the Aras (Azerbaijani: Araz) River. To the northeast the hills of southeastern Kobystan separate the Kura-Aras Lowland from the Abşeron Peninsula; and to the extreme southeast the narrow Länkäran Lowland extends south between the Caspian Sea and the Talish (Talysh) Mountains, which reach elevations exceeding 8,000 feet (2,400 metres).
The name Caucasus is a Latinized form of Kaukasos, which the ancient Greek geographers and historians used; the Russian Kavkaz is of the same origin. The ultimate derivation is thought to be from Kaz-kaz, the Hittite name for a people living on the southern shore of the Black Sea. This ancient nomenclature reflects the historical importance of the region: in Greek mythology the range was the scene of the sufferings of Prometheus, and the Argonauts sought the Golden Fleece in the land of Colchis (the modern Kolkhida Lowland of Georgia), which nestles against the range on the Black Sea coast. The ranges also became a major land route to the north for cultural diffusion of the Middle Eastern Fertile Crescent civilizations. The peoples of the region have exhibited an extraordinary ethnic and cultural diversity since early times: the Colchians, for example, as described in the 5th century bce by the Greek historian Herodotus, were black-skinned Egyptians, though their true origin remains unclear. In subsequent centuries, successive waves of peoples migrating across Eurasia added to and were molded by the more established groups in the region. Not surprisingly, a greater variety of languages is spoken in Caucasia than in any other area of similar size in the world.
The parts the Caucasus mountain range in Russia are known as the North Caucasus and the countries of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia, are referred to collectively as the South Caucasus. The Transcaucasian Trail network will link together national parks in the South Caucasus. While the name “Transcaucasian Trail” is evocative of Transcaucasia, a historical name for the South Caucasus which means “the other side of the Caucasus,” we prefer Transcaucasian Trail to be interpreted as “across the Caucasus,” as in Trans-Siberian Railway or the Trans-Canada Trail.
At first glance, however, most obvious to the adventurous traveller are the dramatic natural landscapes of the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains, two of the most fierce and impenetrable ranges in the world, which form two distinct geological corridors. The richness of biodiversity within the folds of these mountains has resulted in the region becoming a ‘hotspot’ for conservationists, biologists, birdwatchers and botanists alike, ranging from high-altitude grasslands and permanently-snowcapped crags, to coniferous and deciduous forests on the mid-altitude slopes, to shrubby plateaus and swamp forests at lower elevations. Of the 6,500 plant species found in the Caucasus, approximately 25 percent exist nowhere else on earth. And there is a strikingly varied complement of fauna, including wolf, brown bear, Caucasian leopard, jackal, lynx, hyena, gazelle, and the iconic Bezoar goat.