what is the difference between dada and surrealism
Being deliberately anti-authoritarian, Dada could not, by definition, have leaders. The movement had spokespersons but no one took a position of guidance. Aside from philosophy, Dada artists scattered across Europe after the Great War ended. None of the many centers of Dada had a leader and Dada, perhaps as a result, dissolved in a few years into other movements. Surrealism had a leader, indeed, a “Pope,” André Breton. It was possible for Surrealism to be led simply because the group was self-contained in Paris. Breton was somewhat iron-fisted for a leader of an avant-garde movement, expelling members who displeased him, but he held the group together for twenty years, an astonishing longevity.
DADA AND SURREALISM
Perhaps the most famous work of Dada art is Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain, one of his “readymades” (everyday objects found or purchased and declared art) such as a bottle rack, and was active in the Society of Independent Artists. In 1917 he submitted the now famous Fountain, a urinal signed R. Mutt, to the Society of Independent Artists exhibition only to have the piece rejected. First an object of scorn within the arts community, the Fountain has since become almost canonized by some as one of the most recognizable modernist works of sculpture. Art world experts polled by the sponsors of the 2004 Turner Prize, Gordon’s gin, voted it “the most influential work of modern art.” As recent scholarship documents, the work is likely more collaborative than it has been given credit for in twentieth-century art history. Duchamp indicates in a 1917 letter to his sister that a female friend was centrally involved in the conception of this work. As he writes: “One of my female friends who had adopted the pseudonym Richard Mutt sent me a porcelain urinal as a sculpture.”
Surrealism sought access to the subconscious and to translate this flow of thought into terms of art. Originally a literary movement, it was famously defined by the poet André Breton in the First Manifesto of Surrealism (1924):
Dada began before the 1920s.
The beginning of this movement corresponds to the outbreak of the First World War. Dada was a protest against the bourgeois nationalists and colonial interests, and against intellectual and cultural conformity, which the participants of this movement felt were causes for the war.
Surrealism is dreamlike. It does not have the vibrancy of life; it’s a void. It has the empty effects of another world, strange at times. Can you hear the space? Can you interact with the atmosphere? Can you paint your dreams? These are the motifs for the Surrealists such as Dali and Georgio DiCherico.
Surrealism is much easier to grasp as it is mainly a pursuit of understanding the subconscious and what lies there. It is more of psychoanalysis, dreams, and a liberal association. It involves experimentation’s for a better understanding of the subconscious and the dreams.
That being said, both developments work with Chance. Dada’s utilization of chance was radical, a complete giving over of the craftsman to the oxymoronic “laws” of chance. Whether it is tossing bits of paper to create an abstract composition by chance or collecting irregular word and reconvening them as verse, Dada specialists were anarchic when it came to surrendering the inventive manner of thinking for procedure itself. Conversely, Surrealist craftsmen conveyed a mixed bag of delights, from programmed written work or the flawless cadaver, they therefore approached chance from another position.
It was workable for Surrealism to be driven basically in light of the fact that the gathering was independent in Paris rather than being separated by not only different cities, but also entire continents.. Breton was to some degree heavy handed for a pioneer of a cutting edge development, removing individuals who disappointed him or went against the ideals he held fast, however he held the gathering together for a quarter century, a rather surprisingly long life-span in comparison to other movements.