select a paintingy fransico goya and explain how he used threeelements
In 1807 Napoleon led the French army into the Peninsular War against Spain. Goya remained in Madrid during the war which seems to have affected him deeply. Although he did not vocalise his thoughts in public, they can be inferred from his Disasters of War series of prints (although published 35 years after his death) and his 1814 paintings The Second of May 1808 and The Third of May 1808. Other works from his mid-period include the Caprichos and Los Disparates etching series, and a wide variety of paintings concerned with insanity, mental asylums, witches, fantastical creatures and religious and political corruption, all of which suggest that he feared for both his country’s fate and his own mental and physical health.
At some time between late 1792 and early 1793 an undiagnosed illness left Goya deaf. He became withdrawn and introspective while the direction and tone of his work changed. He began the series of aquatinted etchings, published in 1799 as the Caprichos—completed in parallel with the more official commissions of portraits and religious paintings. In 1799 Goya published 80 Caprichos prints depicting what he described as “the innumerable foibles and follies to be found in any civilized society, and from the common prejudices and deceitful practices which custom, ignorance, or self-interest have made usual”.  The visions in these prints are partly explained by the caption “The sleep of reason produces monsters”. Yet these are not solely bleak; they demonstrate the artist’s sharp satirical wit, particularly evident in etchings such as Hunting for Teeth.
The Executions of the Third of May, 1808
Francisco de Goya
As you can see in the description, there is no commentary about what the painting might mean, or your reaction to it. It is a record, a description of the event. You want to write in such a way that someone who has never seen the painting can get a mind’s eye view of what the painting is about.
His last four years were lived out in France where he produced some interesting lithographs. Francisco Goya died in 1828.
A tragic illness left Goya profoundly deaf in 1792 and from then on his work took a darker turn. The culmination of the nightmares lived during the French occupation of Spain between 1808 and 1814, teamed with his own mental instability led to some of the most eerie, shocking and intriguing paintings in art history. Francisco de Goya was one of the first to use art as an expression of self, inner turmoil and feeling as opposed to for purely courtly and religious means.
Goya occupies a unique position within the history of Western art, and is often cited as both an Old Master and the first truly modern artist. His art embodies Romanticism’s emphasis on subjectivity, imagination, and emotion, characteristics reflected most notably in his prints and later private paintings. At the same time, Goya was an astute observer of the world around him, and his art responded directly to the tumultuous events of his day, from the liberations of the Enlightenment, to the suppressions of the Inquisition, to the horrors of war following the Napoleonic invasion. Both for its inventiveness and its political engagement, Goya’s art had an enormous impact on later modern artists. His unflinching scenes from the Peninsular War presaged the works of Pablo Picasso in the 20 th century, while his exploration of bizarre and dreamlike subjects in the Caprichos laid the foundation for Surrealists like Salvador DalГ. Goya’s influence extends to the 21 st century, as contemporary artists have also drawn inspiration from the artist’s grotesque imagery and searing social commentary.
Though the painting was commissioned by the Duchess, Goya kept it in his possession for 15 years, indicating his strong attachment to the work and its subject, or, possibly, the Duchess’ inability to accept a work that so openly flaunted an affair. Much of the imagery that would populate Goya’s prints and drawings following the end of their affair – women as fickle temptresses, men as cuckolded fools, lovers tortured by uncontrollable passions – has lead art historians to suspect that his heart had been broken by the Duchess.
In 1770, he travelled to Italy. He went to Naples, to Rome where he met Giovan Battista Piranesi, and particularly to Milan. He is reported to have led a disorderly life, not only with women, but also in taverns. When the Academy of Parma announced a competition, Goya took part, submitting a painting Hannibal in the Alps, and came second, following Paolo Borroni, awarded first place.
In 1807, with the excuse of invading Portugal, the French army occupied Spain. Godoy was overthrown and Charles IV abdicated. His successor Ferdinand VII was forced into exile. On May 2 nd , 1808, the revolution broke out in Madrid. A peoples rebellion which was suppressed in a sea of blood, offered Goya the opportunity to realize two paintings 2 nd of May, 1808, and the most famous, Shooting of May 3 rd , 1808 ( Fig. 4 ) which he was to paint, however, in 1814. The Spanish war of independence lasted five years. In 1810, Goya began to prepare a series of engravings entitled The Disasters of War, but, in that same period, also painted a portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother, who had come to the throne of Spain. In the Disasters of War, Goya described the massacre which took place between the French and Spanish, the violence and the atrocities of the war. In 1814, after having lost the war and the abdication of Napoleon, Ferdinand VII returned to Spain and commenced a process of severe repression towards the liberals. Goya, to gain the King’s appreciation, painted pictures related to the rebellion of May 2 nd , 1808. In 1816, he published another series of famous works including 33 dedicated to the The Bull Fight. Goya had a passion for bulls, bull-fighters and bull-fights; perhaps in his youth, he too had taken part in bull-fights. The pictures are impregnated with deadly violence.