roy lichtenstein nationality
Lichtenstein chose colours carefully, to imitate the four colours of printers’ inks. He also used Ben Day dots, a system invented to increase the range of colours available to newspaper printing. Look closely at his work – can you see how the colours are clear from a distance, but look like tiny dots and dashes close-up?
Lichtenstein is famous for his use of cartoon strips from American comic books, which were very popular the 1950s. He admired the skill of the comic book artist, who could create complex stories of love and war in cartoon form.
Various art collectors and dealers recognized the remarkable appeal of Lichtenstein’s works. In fact, his works were often featured by Leo Castelli in his art gallery for three decades. As with other artworks in the pop art genre, there were often debates in terms of the consumerism, originality and the very thin line that separated entertainment and fine art. Nevertheless, Lichtenstein maintained is excellent reputation as an accomplished artists in his own right.
By 1946, his service during the time of war ended, and he came back to the Ohio State to continue his college education in fine arts. He also took up his master’s degree in the said course, and he eventually took a teaching job at the Ohio State before he transferred to Cleveland. Here, he took up multiple jobs as a commercial art instructor, industrial engineer and window display designer.
After his wartime service, Lichtenstein returned to Ohio State in 1946 to finish his undergraduate degree and master’s degree—both in fine arts. He briefly taught at Ohio State before moving to Cleveland and working as a window-display designer for a department store, an industrial designer and a commercial-art instructor.
Roy Fox Lichtenstein was born on October 27, 1923, in New York City, the son of Milton Lichtenstein, a successful real estate developer, and Beatrice Werner Lichtenstein. As a boy growing up on Manhattan’s Upper West Side, Lichtenstein had a passion for both science and comic books. In his teens, he became interested in art. He took watercolor classes at Parsons School of Design in 1937, and he took classes at the Art Students League in 1940, studying with American realist painter Reginald Marsh.
In 1965, Lichtenstein abandoned the use of comic book images as primary source material. Some critics are still bothered by the fact that royalties were never paid to the artists who created the original images used in Lichtenstein’s large-scale works.
In September 1940, Roy entered Ohio State University, where he studied art and other subjects. His primary influences were Pablo Picasso and Rembrandt, and he often stated that Picasso‘s Guernica was his favorite painting. In 1943, World War II interrupted Roy Lichtenstein‘s education. He served for three years in the U.S. Army and continued as a student at Ohio State University in 1946 with assistance from the G.I. bill. Hoyt L. Sherman, one of his professors, had a significant influence on the young artist’s future development. Lichtenstein earned his Master of Fine Arts from Ohio State in 1949.
In 1940, Lichtenstein began taking Reginald Marsh’s painting classes at the Art Students League, producing work very similar to Marsh’s social realist style. Later that year, Lichtenstein enrolled at Ohio State University (OSU), where he studied drawing and design along with botany, history, and literature. He created sculptural animal figures, as well as portraits and still life works influenced by the work of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. At OSU, Lichtenstein also took a class with Hoyt Leon Sherman, whose theories about the connection between vision and perception, or “organized perception,” became important concepts for Lichtenstein as his work evolved.
American Painter, Sculptor, and Lithographer