piet mondrian was a founder of which movement
Mondrian took an interest in impressionist techniques and this form of art with the early works that he did. Like Van Gogh, Mondrian use pure, glowing colors and expressive brushwork under the influence of pointillism and Fauvism. The still life images, the landscape design work, and other scenes which he depicted in his early career, all depicted this style, although his palettes during this period are more akin to the ochres, russets and browns of Rembrandt
Once the war had come to a close, Piet Mondrian decided to return to Paris; upon his arrival, he began to work with Theo van Doesburg, as well as other famous artists in the area, and this is when they developed the De Stijl movement which was quite famous, and is possibly what Piet Mondrian is most well known for during the course of his extensive career. The group was formed in 1917, and it extended the aesthetic principles to architecture, sculpture, canvas, and graphic art design which Piet Mondrian followed.
On 23 September 1940 Mondrian left Europe for New York aboard the Cunard White Star Lines ship RMS Samaria, departing from Liverpool.  The new canvases that Mondrian began in Manhattan are even more startling, and indicate the beginning of a new idiom that was cut short by the artist’s death. New York City (1942) is a complex lattice of red, blue, and yellow lines, occasionally interlacing to create a greater sense of depth than his previous works. An unfinished 1941 version of this work uses strips of painted paper tape, which the artist could rearrange at will to experiment with different designs.
After a strict Protestant upbringing, in 1892, Mondrian entered the Academy for Fine Art in Amsterdam.  He was already qualified as a teacher.  He began his career as a teacher in primary education, but he also practiced painting. Most of his work from this period is naturalistic or Impressionistic, consisting largely of landscapes. These pastoral images of his native country depict windmills, fields, and rivers, initially in the Dutch Impressionist manner of the Hague School and then in a variety of styles and techniques that attest to his search for a personal style. These paintings are representational, and they illustrate the influence that various artistic movements had on Mondrian, including pointillism and the vivid colors of Fauvism.
In the next few years, Piet Mondrian began trying to reconcile his painting with his spiritual ideas. This work helped move his painting beyond representational work permanently. While Mondrian was visiting relatives in the Netherlands in 1914, World War I began, and he remained in the Netherlands for the rest of the war.
In 1965, Yves Saint Laurent decorated shift dresses with Mondrian style thick black lines and color blocks for his Fall Collection. The dresses were wildly popular and inspired Mondrian-style designs on a wide range of other clothing.
During his time in the United States, Mondrian discovered a passion for the Charleston; the dance movement that shaped 1920s America. However, the movement was met with heavy criticism, and a ban on the dance was threatened. Audacious, sexual and bold, the Charleston, like Mondrian’s art, rejected the cultural canon and embraced an unrestrained exploration of the arts.
In 1965, French fashion designer, Yves Saint Laurent, unveiled the Mondrian Collection; six cocktail dresses embracing the artist’s colour blocking style. Like a walking work of art, Mondrian’s designs paraded down the catwalk, emphasising the versatility of his paintings. American rock band, White Stripes, were also deeply influenced by the artist’s works, and named their second studio album “De Stijl.”
In 1912 Mondrian moved to Paris, where he became inspired by Cubist artists like Picasso and Braque. He returned to Holland during the First World War and continued to develop his own artistic style. Mondrian enjoyed writing about the theory behind his work and found the perfect platform for this in De Stijl, an artistic journal founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg – also featuring contributions by Bart van der Leck and Vilmos Huszár.
Mondrian spent a brief period in London – fleeing from the threat of WWII – and finally settled in New York, where influential art collectors such as Peggy Guggenheim were receptive to him. His final piece, ‘Victory Boogie Woogie’, remained unfinished when he died of pneumonia in 1944. However, it is one of his most famous works, and today can be seen at the Kunstmuseum in The Hague.