piet mondrian was a founder of which movement?
WHAT IS VISUAL ART?
For an explanation of the
Art: Definition and Meaning.
At the end of the First World War Mondrian returned to Paris where he would remain until the eve of the Second World War. The city flourished artistically during the inter-war years, and Mondrian’s geometric Neo-Plasticism was only one of several abstract art movements of the period. Mondrian’s important paintings from this period include Composition A, 1920 and Composition B, 1920. Although the evolution of his work was less apparent than in early years (when he jumped from representational art to abstract), he continued to subtly refine his technique. His new and rigorous geometric style was a counter-statement to the emotional chaos and uncertainty of the first decades of the twentieth century.
Mondrian produced Lozenge Composition With Four Yellow Lines (1933), a simple painting that innovated thick, colored lines instead of black ones. After that one painting, this practice remained dormant in Mondrian’s work until he arrived in Manhattan, at which time he began to embrace it with abandon. In some examples of this new direction, such as Composition (1938) / Place de la Concorde (1943), he appears to have taken unfinished black-line paintings from Paris and completed them in New York by adding short perpendicular lines of different colors, running between the longer black lines, or from a black line to the edge of the canvas. The newly colored areas are thick, almost bridging the gap between lines and forms, and it is startling to see color in a Mondrian painting that is unbounded by black. Other works mix long lines of red amidst the familiar black lines, creating a new sense of depth by the addition of a colored layer on top of the black one. His painting Composition No. 10, 1939–1942, characterized by primary colors, white ground and black grid lines clearly defined Mondrian’s radical but classical approach to the rectangle.
In these final works, the forms have indeed usurped the role of the lines, opening another new door for Mondrian’s development as an abstractionist. The Boogie-Woogie paintings were clearly more of a revolutionary change than an evolutionary one, representing the most profound development in Mondrian’s work since his abandonment of representational art in 1913.
After WWI, Mondrian returned to Paris where the city was slowly becoming a hotbed for creativity, experimentation, and partying—he was huge fan of the Paris nightclub scene and frequented the boîtes whenever possible. However, while in Paris, “his lack of success gave him severe doubts,” and made him think about finding a job as a waiter or a grape picker. Janseen notes:
At the tail end of WWI, Mondrian lived in Laren, Holland, and would travel from his home to his studio near Noolseweg every day by bicycle (that’s where he made Composition With Gray Lines of 1919). The book starts out, quite emphatically, by stating that Mondrian “always enjoyed the bicycle ride, even when the weather was not good.”
Piet Mondrian, original name Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, (born March 7, 1872, Amersfoort, Netherlands —died February 1, 1944, New York, New York, U.S. ), painter who was an important leader in the development of modern abstract art and a major exponent of the Dutch abstract art movement known as De Stijl (“The Style”). In his mature paintings, Mondrian used the simplest combinations of straight lines, right angles, primary colours, and black, white, and gray. The resulting works possess an extreme formal purity that embodies the artist’s spiritual belief in a harmonious cosmos.
Piet Mondrian succumbed to pneumonia at the age of 71. His last work, Victory Boogie Woogie (1942–44), remained unfinished at his death.
In 1912, he moved to Paris where influences such as Cubism changed his creative output significantly. He ate up Parisian culture and became immediately familiar with the works of Picasso, Braque and many others, and began to shift from his pastoral, representational mode into a more modern abstractionist method. Analytic Cubism gave Mondrian the ideas he needed to take his landscapes and transmogrify them into the famous squares and lines that he is the most known for.
In 1892, he entered the Academy for Fine Art in Amsterdam and realized that he was already qualified as a teacher. Piet Mondrian began teaching primary education soon after, and practiced his painting on the side. Most of his work at the time was of a naturalistic or Impressionistic nature, consisting mostly of landscapes and other pastoral images of his native Netherlands.