20th century Spanish artist
Who did giorgio de chirico marry Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) was an Italian artist who was known for his influence on the Surrealist movement. De Chirico himself is not usually considered part
Oil and sand on canvas; 145 x 76 cm. Georges Braque was the son of a painting contractor who was also a Sunday painter. He had his first art lessons from his father. Braque then studied at the school of Fine Arts in Le Havre before going to Paris, where he studied with Bonnat and discovered African, Egyptian, and Greek sculpture at the Louvre. Braque was also influenced by the Impressionists and by his contemporaries, Matisse and Derain, whose Fauve movement he joined in about 1905. Even in this period, his works showed characteristics of his later styles, for he painted some works in monochrome, using angles as well as curves, with a flatter, more transparent pigment than that of his colleagues. By 1907, the architectural influence of Cezanne had asserted itself and Braque, with Picasso, founded the Cubist movement. He began to paint in muted colors and in the geometrical patterns, inverted perspective, and overlapping volumes associated with Cubism. Picasso and Braque worked closely together, until the outbreak of World War I, sometimes producing works so similar that the two artists themselves could not tell which one had painted. They also cooperated on both the analytical and synthetic stages of Cubism. Braque was mobilized into the French Army in 1914, and a head wound he received in 1915 made him temporarily blind so that he could not paint again until 1917. He began to develop a new and more personal style, using a brighter palette and freer manner that is less angular and more luminous. By 1931 he had found a marvelous balance between intelligence and sensitivity, technique and inspiration. Braque painted a world that combines harmonious shadings of color, sinuous line, and more rounded form, with the multiple points of view and inverted space of Cubism. The most ordinary dull colors became resonant on his canvases: white is translucent; black, full of light. The resulting landscapes, figure paintings, and still lives, display lucidity, intellectuality, and restrained emotion. These qualities prompted the French government to proclaim him the "most French of all French artists of his generation."
See work from this American artist as well as others at the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC. Our website features over 700 pieces from our collection, a timeline of art in America and educational information for both teachers and students.
View Test Prep – AT 157 STUDY GUIDE .docx from ART 151 at Southwestern College. 1. The German artist _ deviated from traditional religious images by creating works that were highly activated and