pablo picasso realism
Picasso was born in 1881 to an artistic set of parents. His father taught him formal drawing techniques from an early age, and by the age of eight he was skilled in oil paint. His earliest painting, The Picador, is dated 1890 and is likely the oldest surviving painting by the artist.
Usually, an artist’s “early work” refers to pieces completed at the start of his or her career. In the case of modern master Pablo Picasso, however, the oldest examples of his prolific artistic talent date back much further—beginning, unbelievably, when he was just a child.
Some months after meeting the sculptor and writer Jaume Sabartés who would be his intimate friend and, from 1935, personal secretary, Picasso produced two watercolour portraits of him. In their long relationship, Picasso produced many portraits of Sabartés in pencil or oil, many full of irony – an irony mixed with jokes and affection, complicity, which was the basis of their friendship.
Pablo Picasso, The Wait (Margot), 1900, Museu Picasso, Barcelona ©Successió Picasso.VEGAP. Barcelona 2017
At the young age of thirteen, Picasso began his career as an artist. At this time, he worked in a realist style; he depicted subjects authentically, and employed a true-to-life color palette. He particularly enjoyed painting scenes inspired by his Catholic faith and portraits of his family members.
Mother and Child (1901) (Photo: The Athenaeum)
Even PicassoвЂ™s earliest works show that in academic art he feels quite at home. However, making studies of plaster models could not captivate the well-established young artist and he left the Academy. San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, which was more prestigious, was another institution where he did not study for long. Canvases created by great masters like VelГЎzquez, Goya and El Greco and exhibited in museums of the capital became teachers of the 16-year old artist.
When Picasso was 15 years old, he painted a big picture, Science and Charity (1897), which can be interpreted both as genre and symbolic painting. A doctor (whose figure was painted by Pablo from his father) is feeling the pulse of a woman lying in a bed, while on the other side, there is a nun who is holding a child and offering a glass of water. Thus, medical science and compassion are opposed to each other. At an exhibition in Madrid in 1897 this painting fell into disfavor among critics: the patientвЂ™s hand seemed insufficiently elaborated and unrealistic to them: they called it a glove. However, the implausibly long fingers of the sluggish hand were an anticipation of the future stylistics of the вЂњBlue PeriodвЂќ.
Picasso‘s African-influenced Period (1907–1909) begins with his painting Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. Picasso painted this composition in a style inspired by Iberian sculpture, but repainted the faces of the two figures on the right after being powerfully impressed by African artefacts he saw in June 1907 in the ethnographic museum at Palais du Trocadéro.  When he displayed the painting to acquaintances in his studio later that year, the nearly universal reaction was shock and revulsion; Matisse angrily dismissed the work as a hoax.  Picasso did not exhibit Le Demoiselles publicly until 1916.
Towards the end of World War I, Picasso became involved with Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. Among his friends during this period were Jean Cocteau, Jean Hugo, Juan Gris, and others. In the summer of 1918, Picasso married Olga Khokhlova, a ballerina with Sergei Diaghilev’s troupe, for whom Picasso was designing a ballet, Erik Satie’s Parade, in Rome; they spent their honeymoon near Biarritz in the villa of glamorous Chilean art patron Eugenia Errázuriz.