how do you pronounce george braque
A decisive time of its development occurred during the summer of 1911,  when Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso painted side by side in Céret in the French Pyrenees, each artist producing paintings that are difficult—sometimes virtually impossible—to distinguish from those of the other. In 1912, they began to experiment with collage and Braque invented the papier collé technique. 
Braque‘s paintings of 1908–1912 reflected his new interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective. He conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects, seeming to question the most standard of artistic conventions. In his village scenes, for example, Braque frequently reduced an architectural structure to a geometric form approximating a cube, yet rendered its shading so that it looked both flat and three-dimensional by fragmenting the image. He showed this in the painting Houses at l’Estaque.
Braque’s early paintings reveal, as might be expected from a childhood spent in Normandy, the influence of the Impressionists, in particular that of Monet and of Camille Pissarro. A little later he experienced a revelation as he studied the firm structures and union of colour and tonal values in the work of Paul Cézanne. Braque can be said to have begun to find his way in 1905, when he visited the Paris Salon d’Automne and saw the violent explosion of arbitrary colour in the room occupied by the paintings of the group nicknamed Les Fauves (“Wild Beasts”). During the next two years he became a convinced, if rather prudent and tradition-minded, Fauvist, working for a while at Antwerp, Belgium, and then on the French Mediterranean coast near Marseille, at L’Estaque and La Ciotat.
Braque was born just seven months after Picasso, in a small community on the Seine near Paris that was one of the centres of the Impressionist movement in the 1870s. His father and grandfather, both amateur artists, were the owners of a prosperous house-painting firm. In 1890 the family moved to Le Havre, which had also been, in the time of the seascapist Eugène Boudin and the young Claude Monet, an early centre of Impressionism. The boy attended the local public school, accompanied his father on painting expeditions, and developed an interest in sports, including boxing, that gave him, as an adult, the look of a professional athlete. He also learned to play the flute.
The show tells the story pretty well, although paintings do not hang quite chronologically within a room. Fauvism apart from Henri Matisse had more detail, with a more conservative eye to Post-Impressionism. And Braque could easily have gone down as a lesser Fauvist. Still, he had his signs of experiment all along. Boats play off against their more colorful shadows, streaks of sunlight against the progression of earth, and sky against rocks. Sunlight bleaches through a sparer harbor scene from 1909, as a stage toward competing planes, simplification, and Cubism.
Braque pays a price for his sanity. For one thing, it has has kept him from Picasso‘s degree of attention. It also made him the model for the elegance of the School of Paris between the wars, as at the Pompidou Center or the Guggenheim. His reserve and his architecture may be clearer still when the cracks start to show. His pace slows drastically for nearly twenty years once he and Picasso start working apart again. Then, too, Cubism was about letting the cracks show all along.
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque first met in 1905, but it wasn’t until 1907 that Picasso showed Braque what is considered the first Cubist painting, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. This portrait of five prostitutes draws heavy influence from African tribal art, which Picasso had recently been exposed to at the Palais du Trocadéro, a Paris ethnographic museum.
Spanish artist Juan Gris remained on the fringes of the movement until 1911. He distinguished himself by refusing to make the abstraction of the object more essential than the object itself. Gris died in 1927, and Cubism represents a significant portion of his life’s work.