abstract expressionist artists that committed suicide
Rothko’s Seagram paintings are shipped to the Tate Gallery in London.
Robert Motherwell moves.
Adolph Gottlieb has a stroke.
Barnett Newman signs a “Declaration of Solidarity with Soviet Jews.
“Jackson Pollock’s psychotherapist sells his pictures.
Art News publishes a feature honouring the Metropolitan Museum of Art on its hundredth anniversary.
Willem de Kooning goes to Japan.
Mark Rothko has dinner with Rita Reinhardt.
Mark Rothko commits suicide.
Henry Moore visits Willem de Kooning.
The New York Times Magazine publishes an account of Mark Rothko’s death.
Mark Rothko’s Will is admitted to probate.
The Mark Rothko room opens at the Tate Gallery in London.
Barnett Newman receives a medal from the Brandeis University.
Executors of Rothko’s estate sell all of his paintings to the Marlborough Gallery.
Barnett Newman dies.
Willem de Kooning does lithography.
Mark Rothko’s widow dies.
Willem de Kooning meets Emilie Kilgore.
Philip Guston solo exhibition at the Marlborough Gallery.
Bernard Reis is shocked by the condition of the Mark Rothko’s Harvard murals.
The Mark Rothko Foundation directors amend the certificate of incorporation.
The Whitney Museum shows 65 drawings by Jackson Pollock previously owned by his psychotherapist.
The Phillips Collection sells Mark Rothko’s Mauve Intersection through Park-Bernet.
The Rothko Chapel is dedicated.
Bernard Reis visits Rothko’s Harvard murals again – this time with Alan Thielker, a restorer for Marlborough Galleries.
Willem de Kooning sculpts Clamdigger.
Willem de Kooning leaves the Accabonac house and moves into his studio.
Barnett Newman retrospective at The Museum of Modern Art opens.
Kate Rothko and Christopher Rothko’s guardian file a lawsuit against the owner of the Marlborough Galleries and the executors of Rothko’s estate.
“Seven by de Kooning” exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art.
Robert Motherwell marries photographer Renate Ponsold.
Robert Motherwell signs with Knoedler’s.
Xavier Fourcade leaves the Knoedler gallery to open the Fourcade, Droll Gallery.
Willem de Kooning and Mimi attend the Venice Biennale.
The Surrogate Court issues a temporary restraining order against the Marlborough Gallery and the executors of Mark Rothko’s estate regarding the sale of his paintings as contracted on May 21, 1970.
The Surrogate Court issues a preliminary injunction preventing the sale of Rothko’s paintings by the Marlborough Gallery and Rothko’s executors.
Willem de Kooning has a final exhibition at the Sidney Janis Gallery.
Willem de Kooning’s daughter, Lisa, moves to New York.
A seven-inch tear is found in Panel Four of Mark Rothko’s Harvard murals.
John de Menil dies.
Willem de Kooning is admitted into hospital (again).
“Lee Krasner: Large Paintings” exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art.
The “New York Collection for Stockholm” at the Moderna Museet.
Willem de Kooning goes to rehab.
Robert Motherwell is diagnosed with severe cardiac illness and has surgery.
Fourcade, Droll organizes a traveling exhibition of Willem de Kooning’s lithographs.
Exhibition of Willem de Kooning’s drawings and sculpture at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis.
Adolph Gottlieb dies in New York City.
The Australian National Gallery buys de Kooning’s Woman V for $850,000.
John McMahon quits his job as Willem de Kooning’s assistant.
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Age: Dec. at 37 (1853-1890)
Age: Dec. at 67 (1903-1970)
In his old age, Godward produced fewer and fewer paintings as his health deteriorated. His last known paintings are Contemplation and Nu Sur La Plage (“Nude On The Beach”), both of which were completed in the months before his death. Nu Sur La Plage is especially significant, because it marks a deviation from Godward’s usual style of classical scenes featuring fine clothes and marble surfaces. By then, Godward’s classical style was considered extremely unfashionable, but he apparently felt unable to change. In December 1922, he took his own life, writing in his suicide note that the world was not big enough for him and Picasso.
It would have been a perfect match, but Prud’hon already had a miserable family of his own. He and his wife actually had six children, although the marriage was so unhappy that she had a breakdown and eventually died in a mental hospital. In one version of the story, Prud’hon’s promised his wife on her deathbed that he would never remarry, devastating Constance. Others suggest that the government requisitioning her Sorbonne studio pushed her over the edge. Either way, on May 26, 1821, Mayer cut her own throat with Prud’hon’s shaving razor. Devastated, Prud’hon would pass away two years later, but not before completing their final collaboration, a portrait of a grieving family.
- There must be a clear preoccupation with death—intimations of mortality . Tragic art, romantic art, etc., deals with the knowledge of death.
- Sensuality. Our basis of being concrete about the world. It is a lustful relationship to things that exist.
- Tension. Either conflict or curbed desire.
- Irony, This is a modern ingredient—the self-effacement and examination by which a man for an instant can go on to something else.
- Wit and play . for the human element.
- The ephemeral and chance . for the human element.
- Hope. 10% to make the tragic concept more endurable.
On June 13, 1943, Rothko and Sachar separated again.  Rothko suffered a long depression following their divorce. [ citation needed ] Thinking that a change of scenery might help, Rothko returned to Portland. From there, he traveled to Berkeley, where he met artist Clyfford Still, and the two began a close friendship.  Still’s deeply abstract paintings would be of considerable influence on Rothko’s later works. In the autumn of 1943, Rothko returned to New York. He met with noted collector and art dealer Peggy Guggenheim, but she was initially reluctant to take on his artworks.  Rothko’s one-person show at Guggenheim’s The Art of This Century Gallery, in late 1945, resulted in few sales, with prices ranging from $150 to $750. The exhibit also attracted less-than-favorable reviews from critics. During this period, Rothko had been stimulated by Still’s abstract landscapes of color, and his style shifted away from surrealism. Rothko’s experiments in interpreting the unconscious symbolism of everyday forms had run their course. His future lay with abstraction:
They say that p ainting is just another way of keeping a diary. There are so many ways to express what we feel and painting is probably the toughest of all. To decipher what a person is trying to say through his paintings can often be even tougher.
Every painting has a story. Here are famous last paintings by artists who committed suicide and their final story.